Changing Kids' Games


Educational Games – How Are They Useful

Kinesiology 4500


Why do games sometimes produce dissatisfied, bored, or unhappy children?

Criteria for Judging Educational Value of Games

Who is involved?

What skills are necessary to play the game?

Do students have these skills?

What happens when the game is played?

What happens to students’ skills?

Developmental Game Stages

Stage I – Ability to control the object

Development from stationary to moving objects and from stationary to moving receivers

Stage II – Ability to control object in complex conditions in cooperative relationships with others and in combinations of skills

Simple to more complex combinations

of skills and relationships with others

Stage III

Offense and defense with others

Development of one-on-one relationships to added number of offensive & defensive players, boundaries, skills, rules

Stage IV

Complex environments

Use of offense & defense

Analysis; Modification

Decisions about games

How many players will be involved?

What will they do?

What is object of game?

Are there rules?

What is the layout?

Game Analysis








Modification of games

Analyze game

Focus on change in one aspect

(start with purpose)

Examine students in each class

What are developmental levels?

Are there students with special needs?

How can you meet needs of all students?

Secondary Physical Education – The Games Approach

Becoming skillful and intelligent performers

Performing with increasing physical competence and confidence

Learning how to select and apply skills, tactics, and ideas

Units – grades 6/7

Focus on how to use basic principles of attack and defense to plan strategy and tactics for games

Improving quality of skills, using techniques that suit different types of games (invasion, net/wall, striking and fielding

Students think about how to use skills, strategies and tactics to outwit opponent

Unit – grades 7/8

Students organize themselves as a team

Students select and apply strategies

Students adapt strategies and tactics used in one game and apply them to different one

Unit – grades 9/10

Students play at a greater speed and with more precision, selecting skills and techniques to apply principles of attack and defense effectively

Unit – grades 10/11

Students focus on preparing for tournaments, competitions and festivals

Students work in groups, taking on range of roles and responsibilities to help each other as a team

Students plan for and make use of advanced techniques

Teaching Games for Understanding

Technique focus

Tactical focus

Both important for games teaching

What PE teacher should consider

Perform warm-up related to skills to be used in game

Students play modified game suited to their developmental level(s)

Teacher develops student awareness of how to cover, and create space, and support teammates

Modified game can be made more challenging

(Hopper, 2002)