Cooperation-Competition

COMPETITION, COOPERATION, FAIRPLAY

Kinesiology 4500

SECTION WILL COVER . . .

Developing a working definition of competition, cooperation and fairplay

Understanding how to effectively use competition in elementary physical education

What do you think?

Define competition

Define cooperation

How do these ideas fit in an elementary physical education program?

COMPETITION

Definition

Achieving an objective – how many can achieve?

Characteristics

Opposition

Set of rules

Who can achieve

Struggle for supremacy

Winners;losers

Types of Competition

Between 2 people

Between teams

Between individual (or team) & animate object (hunting)

Between individual (or team) & inanimate object

Between individual (or team) & standard of excellence

COOPERATION

Definition

Obtaining a goal together

Characteristics

Involvement

Acceptance

Little waiting time

All included; no elimination

What is Fair Play?

Definition

Elements of competition and cooperation

Characteristics

Cooperation within team

Observance of rules

Respect for opponent

Not taking advantage of circumstances which hinder opponent

Learning Progression

Level I – Individual

Cooperation with self

Competition with self

Level II – Partners

Cooperation with 1 other student

Competition with 1 other student

Level III – Small Groups Cooperating

Focus on cooperation in a group of 3

Focus on cooperation in a group of 4

Focus on cooperation between 2 small groups (or within one group of 6 – 7)

Level IV – Small Groups Competing

Focus on cooperation within a group while competing with 1 other student

Focus on cooperation within 2 small groups while competing with each other

Level 5 – Groups Larger than 3 Competing

More than 3 students in a group cooperating while competing with another group of same size

Making Sense of Competition

Include both aspects

Be aware of developmental level of learners

Introduce cooperation before competition

Different types of competition

Teaching Appropriate Competition Through Physical Education

Questions for discussion:

How can cooperation enhance a physical education program?

How can competition enhance a physical education program?

Identify specific ways in which cooperation and competition can be utilized in an elementary physical education program

Middle school

High school